Allergy And Asthma. The Effects Of Pollen In Triggering Asthma
Pollens are powder-like substances and remain on top of some flowers – though not all. Pollen-grains are yellow (generally) in color and quite small in size. Though there are innumerable pollens, but only a few of which are capable of causing allergy —say, about 10% pollens have this capability. The pollen must be light so that it could be easily carried away by wind. Some of the pollen-plants are pollinated by self-pollination, insects or water. If there is only negligible quantity of pollens and their weight is also heavy, wind won’t be able to carry them, as only light-weight and abundantly available pollens are carried by wind. To act as an allergen, it is necessary that pollen has chemical qualities.
Flowers release pollens into the morning, generally before the rise of sun. In one patient, only one pollen may cause asthma while, in others, many pollens may trigger attacks of asthma. If wind is not blowing, pollens can’t be carried to other distant/near places. Certain pollens remain glued to the flowers, due to excessive moisture content, hence cannot be carried away by wind. Only light, dry and non-sticky pollens can be carried away by wind.
When a patient is said to suffer from pollen related allergy that triggers asthmatic attacks, it becomes a Himalayan task to discern and pin pointedly tell as to which of the pollens is the actual monster. As a first step, we have to know which weeds, grasses, trees; shrubs grow on a particular soil where the patient lives, because certain vegetations grow on a particular soil only. If a patient continues to suffer from pollen allergy throughout the year or most of the part thereof, then we have to identify the actual plant. If some patient suffers during a specific period, then area of investigation gets confined to a particular plant and period. For instance, if a patient imbibes allergic reaction during 1-2 months of a calendar month and remains healthy for rest of the period, then it is easier to detect the type and kind of pollen.
One thing should be borne in mind that if a patient has tendency to pollen allergy, and he visits another area where also the pollens pollinate the same time, he is bound to suffer, because change of place won’t have any salutary effect on his condition, as common factor is time and not the place. On the contrary, if a patient is sensitive to one type of pollen during one year, he may also become hypersensitive to pollen in the next year.
Pollen allergy needs thorough investigation and both the doctor and patient require patience and perseverance. Problem is still grave for those who are travelers and have to visit different places, whose food and environs go on changing quite frequently, and who suffer from more than one pollen allergies.
Asthma is simply one of the diseases affected by pollen allergy. Some people may suffer from allergic rhinitis, itching and redness of nose, may develop some eye trouble or even skin problem.