Different Stages Of Asthma Attack And Their Treatment
What is Asthma & what happens during an asthma attack?
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways in the lungs, causing breathlessness in the patient. An asthma attack takes place when a person becomes hyper-responsive to some stimuli like cold air, exercise, dust, pollutants and even stress and anxiety. This happens due to some changes in the person’s lungs. The muscle tissues of the bronchi go into spasm, the cells lining the airways swell and mucus secretion takes place resulting in narrowing of the bronchi, thus making it difficult to breathe out.
Treatment for Asthma can be done by various methods.
Allopathic asthma attack treatment: Medical practitioners conduct a spirometry test to measure the functions of the lungs in patients. Some of the most common drugs used in allopathic treatment are the methylxanthine (theophylline) that has anti-inflammatory effects and controls night-time symptoms, Bronchodilators that relieve sudden attacks effectively, steroids that are drugs resembling body hormones, block inflammation and leukotriene modifiers that counteract the leukotriene produced by the white blood cells in the lungs. These drugs are either inhaled or administered orally or as injections.
Food & Nutrition therapy: Avoiding milk, processed foods, refined starches, sugars, foods with artificial additives and sulfites is recommended under this therapy. The patient is advised to take a diet high in fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low salt. A vegan diet is said to have reduced the incidence of attacks in patients. Drinking plenty of water keeps the airways moist. Including onions and garlic in the diet also helps as they are rich in flavonoids which inhibit the release of histamines. Regular intake of multivitamin supplements with vitamins A,C,E and B complex and minerals like magnesium and selenium, and omega 3 fatty acids improve conditions.
Herbal treatment for asthma: Chinese herbs like Ephedra containing ephedrine works as a bronchodilator. Ginkgo had shown to reduce the frequency of attacks. Licorice is a natural decongestant and expectorant. Other herbs like lobelia, nettle, thyme, passionflower, Asian ginseng are also being used to treat asthma. Caffeine and theophylline present in coffee and tea respectively make them good bronchodilators. The herb Tylophore asthmatica is used in Ayurvedic treatment.
Homeopathic treatment: Thuja occidentalis, Antimonium tartaricum, Kali carbonicum, Silicea, Tuberculinum are some common drugs used in homeopathic treatment but the exact treatment is determined by an in-depth evaluation of the case.